The Feast



Synopsis of The Pearl and Notes (part two)

I'm so sorry because I have promised to publish weekly the next part. Here it comes...
Chapter 2

The second chapter opens with a description of the natural world that Kino inhabits. There are crabs, lobsters, eels, sea horses, and poison fish in the gulf waters. Pigs and dogs wander on the beach in search of food. It is a world resplendent in beauty; but it is also an environment where only the fittest survive.

After leaving the doctor's house, Kino and Juana walk slowly to the beach. Kino strokes his canoe, which is his symbol of security. The canoe has been passed down from his grandfather to his father before him, and it provides him the means of supporting his family. It is his most prized possession. Juana places Coyotito on a blanket in the canoe. She then wades into the water, gathers some brown seaweed, makes a damp poultice from it, and applies it to the baby's shoulder. Then, Kino and Juana slide the canoe into the water and paddle to an oyster bed. Kino, who is weighted down with a stone, starts diving in search of pearls. Kino selects a few large shells. He then notices a very large oyster, which, before it closes down, reveals a pale, ghostly gleam. Kino picks it up and surfaces. In Juana's presence, he opens the smaller oysters before opening the large one. As he pries open the large oyster, he finds inside a great pearl, "perfect as the moon, as big as a seagull's egg." Its iridescence, shape, size, and sheer beauty make both Kino and Juana hold their breaths. They know it is the most perfect pearl in the world. At the same moment, Juana looks at the baby and notices that the swelling has subsided. Kino's emotions overflow; he lets out a joyous shout, which makes the other pearl divers race towards him.

Notes

In this chapter, the Gulf is described in all its might and splendour. "The uncertain air that magnified some things and blotted out others hung over the whole Gulf." As a pearl diver, Kino knows the power of the ocean; he respects and admires this watery environment that provides his living. He views it dreamily and with imagination. As soon as he returns from the doctor, Kino, with Juana and Coyotito still with him, heads to the beach, launches his canoe, and begins to dive. He has already lost precious time, and the other pearl divers are already hard at their work.

Just as Kino respects the gulf, he also respects his canoe. It is inherited property, a tie to his family and his past; it also provides a source of food, for a man with a boat "can guarantee a woman that she will eat something". Kino takes particular care of his boat, repairing it by the secret method that his father has taught him. There is obviously much family pride in Kino.

It is also obvious that Kino and his family are natural people, in tune with the gifts that nature provides. Juana uses an age-old, natural technique of applying a poultice to curb the swelling on her baby's shoulder. Although it is a primitive treatment, it makes a difference, for the swelling begins to subside. Deprived of the modern conveniences enjoyed by the people in the town, both Juana and Kino have learned to make use of the things around them; they have both become resourceful.

As Kino dives, in search of pearls, another ancient song is introduced; it is "The Song of the Pearl That Might Be," which is a song of hope about finding the pearl that would positively and permanently change the life of the diver. As the song passes through Kino's head, he dreams about receiving proper medical help for his son and providing him a good education.

The seabed is described with great detail. There are grey oysters "with ruffles like skirts" and barnacle-crusted oysters. It is a rich bed, teeming with life. In fact, this bed made the king of Spain a great power in Europe. The treasures taken from this bed had helped him pay for wars and churches. Kino now dreams about the bed also making him rich. He would like to find a big pearl, which would be "a little pat on the back by God" for his hard work.

Kino retrieves several small oysters before spying a giant one that seems to have a pearl inside. When he surfaces with his catch, Kino, with Juana watching opens the little oysters first, making certain he does not anger the gods by seeming over eager. As he finally pries open the large oyster, the couple spies the treasure inside. The pearl is so marvellous that it inspires reverence. It is "the great pearl, perfect as the moon . . . It captured the light and refined it and gave it back in silver incandescence". As Kino admires his treasure, the secret melody of the pearl breaks out, "clear and beautiful, rich and warm and lovely, glowing and gloating and triumphant". Looking at the pearl's surface, Kino can almost see his hopes, his dreams, and his aspirations before him. As a result, his emotions overflow, and he shouts with joy. The pearl seems to be an answer to his prayers; ironically, the pearl becomes a force of evil that destroys his happy family life and pleasant natural existence. In Kino's battered and callused hand, symbolic of the simple, natural life; the pearl is lovely and a force for good; the civilized world, however, will only be able to see it materialistically. To foreshadow the disasters that later await him, the chapter ends with the other pearl divers closing in on Kino to see what has caused him to scream.

50 Tips Pikat Lelaki

  1. Sentiasa tersenyum dan jangan bersikap sombong apabila berinteraksi dengan mereka.
  2. Pandai memasak adalah ciri-ciri utama mengapa lelaki mudah terpikat dengan anda.
  3. Berpewatakan menarik mampu menarik minat mereka.
  4. Jujur dan sentiasa merendah diri.
  5. Lakukan apa yang dia suka dan jangan lakukan apa yang dia tidak suka.
  6. Mempunyai bentuk badan yang menarik (terpulang kepada individu).
  7. Mempunyai tingkah laku yang baik dan lemah lembut.
  8. Pandai dalam memainkan peranan sebagai seorang wanita ketika berada di samping lelaki yang anda minati.
  9. Jangan terlalu mengongkong.
  10. Ketika berinteraksi dengan mereka jangan lupa gunakan bahasa tubuh yang anda ketahui seperti mata dan tangan.
  11. Jaga cara pemakaian anda, seksi atau tidak terpulang kepada lelaki yang anda minati.
  12. Sering memberikan kad ucapan buat si dia yang kamu minati untuk 'plan' pertama memikat dirinya.
  13. Lelaki sukakan wanita yang suka berterus terang tanpa menyembunyikan sesuatu.
  14. Apabila berhadapan dengan lelaki yang kamu minati, renungi matanya dan tunjukkan sifat humor kamu. Ini adalah taktik untuk memberitahu si dia bahawa kamu boleh didekati tetapi bukan bererti kamu ini perempuan murahan dan mudah didekati.
  15. Jangan bersikap selalu jual mahal apabila berada bersama mereka.
  16. Bijak menyesuaikan diri dalam apa jua keadaan.
  17. Tidak mudah putus asa dan sentiasa berdiri di atas kaki sendiri tanpa meminta pertolongan dari orang lain.
  18. Jangan suka bercakap benda yang tidak berfaedah ketika bercakap dengan mereka.
  19. Jangan bandingkan 'dia' dengan lelaki-lelaki yang pernah kamu kenali.
  20. Menjadi temannya ketika dia susah dan senang.
  21. Lelaki suka kamu menjadi pendengar yang setia dan tidak suka wanita yang suka membangkang.
  22. Yang paling penting lelaki suka dimanjai dengan belaian dan kata-kata yang romantik.
  23. Bunyi derapan kasut ketika berjalan juga mampu menarik perhatian lelaki.
  24. Lelaki tidak suka jika kamu memakai mekap yang terlalu tebal.
  25. Mengetahui bila hari lahirnya.
  26. Menghormati dirinya, keluarga dan teman-teman yang rapat dengannya.
  27. Bersikap matang dalam tutur-kata dan tingkah laku. Lelaki tidak suka wanita yang bersikap terlalu kebudak-budakan.
  28. Agresif.
  29. Jangan terlalu 'excited' ketika bertemu dan berbual dengannya. Contohnya berbual terlalu lama di telefon untuk perkenalan pertama.
  30. Jangan terlalu bersikap 'kelakian' dan ganas dalam pergaulan.
  31. Jangan terlalu menunjukkan bahawa kamu ini terlalu baik dan 'perfect'.
  32. Jangan perasan bahawa kamu ini mempunyai paras rupa yang jelita.
  33. Sentiasa memegang prinsip sederhana dan tidak boros di dalam perbelanjaan.
  34. Bersikap keibuan adalah antara tips yang perlu kamu titik beratkan.
  35. Sentiasa bercakap lembut dengan mereka.
  36. Ketahuilah mereka ini adalah golongan yang terlalu sensitif dan suka akan kelembutan apatah lagi dari seorang gadis.
  37. Kenali siapa dirinya sebenarnya sebelum kamu memulakan langkah untuk memikat.
  38. Lelaki sukakan wanita yang suka menjaga kulit. Jangan biarkan wajah kamu dipenuhi jerawat batu!
  39. Aset penting bagi kamu untuk memikat lelaki adalah mata, punggung dan gaya langkah kamu yang kemas.
  40. Jangan bersikap terlalu kuno.
  41. Bertanya khabar sekurang-kurangnya dua kali seminggu agar tali persahabatan kamu dengannya tidak putus begitu sahaja. Mungkin suatu hari nanti sikap kamu yang terlalu mengambil berat mampu menarik perhatiannya.
  42. Usia dan bentuk badan bukan menjadi ukuran yang penting tetapi kecerdikan, kejujuran dan tingkah laku yang bersopan-santun.
  43. Lelaki sukakan seorang wanita yang beriman dan beragama namun begitu kamu tidaklah perlu terlalu alim.
  44. Menunjukkan bahawa kamu bukanlah seorang gadis yang mudah dipermainkan.
  45. Jangan terlalu merengek dan mengada-ngada.
  46. Jangan tunjukkan kelemahan kamu ketika berada di samping lelaki yang kamu minati.
  47. Lelaki sukakan wanita yang bijaksana dan matang serta mudah diajak berbincang.
  48. Berjaya di dalam apa jua bidang yang kamu ceburi.
  49. Tidak terlalu meminta dan jaga tata tertib kamu di meja makan.
  50. Jangan terlalu over nanti lelaki akan meluat pula dengan kamu!

2005 SBP's Chemistry Questions for Section C

Bahagian C ( 20 markah )
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.
Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian C ialah 30 minit

Soalan 3
(a) Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan asid kuat? Bandingkan sifat kekonduksian elektrik antara asid hidroklorik dengan asid etanoik. [6 markah]
  • Asid yang tercerai sepenuhnya apabila larut dalam air menghasilkan
  • kepekatan ion H+ yang tinggi
  • Kekonduksian elektrik bagi asid hidroklorik lebih tinggi berbanding asid etanoik
  • bilangan ion yang bergerak bebas lebih banyak dalam asid hidroklorik berbanding asid etanoik
  • kerana asid hidroklorik ialah asid kuat
  • dan asid etanoik ialah asid lemah

(b) Asid hidroklorik dan asid sulfurik boleh bertindak balas dengan logam magnesium menghasilkan garam dan gas hidrogen. Bandingkan kadar tindak balas bagi kedua-dua tindak balas ini. Jelaskan jawapan anda. [ 4 markah ]

  • asid hidroklorik ialah asid monobes manakala asid sulfurik ialah asid dwibes
  • kepekatan ion H+ dalam asid sulfurik lebih tinggi berbanding asid hidroklorik
  • frekuensi perlanggaran berkesan antara ion H+ dalam asid sulfurik dengan atom magnesium lebih tinggi berbanding asid hidroklorik
  • kadar tindakbalas asid sulfurik dengan logam magnesiumlebih tinggi berbanding asid hidroklorik

(c) Anda dikehendaki menyediakan garam kuprum(II) sulfat yang kering. Huraikan satu eksperimen makmal bagaimana anda dapat menyediakan garam tersebut. Dalam huraian anda sertakan persamaan yang terlibat. [ 10 markah ]

  • [ Bahan yang betul ] cth asid sulfurik dan kuprum(II) oksida/kuprum(II) karbonat/kuprum(II) hidroksida
  • [(25 – 100 cm3) asid sulfurik cair [0.1 – 2 mol dm-3] dimasukkan ke dalam bikar / kelalang kon / bekas yang sesuai
  • dan dipanaskan
  • pepejal kuprum(II)oksida / kuprum(II) karbonat/kuprum(II) hidroksida ditambahkan ke dalamnya secara berlebihan/sehingga terdapat pepejal yang tak larut lagi
  • campuran dikacau
  • hasil tindakbalas dituras
  • Panaskan hasil turasan sehingga 1/3 isipadu asal / tepu
  • Sejukkan dan turaskan
  • Keringkan hablur garam dengan kertas turas
  • [Persamaan] CuO + H2SO4 → CuSO4 + H2O / CuCO3 + H2SO4 → CuSO4 + CO2 + H2O / Cu(OH)2 + H2SO4 → CuSO4 + H2O
Soalan 4
(a) Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan mangkin? Berikan satu contoh penggunaan mangkin. [ 2 markah ]
  • Bahan yang mengubah kadar sesuatu tindak balas tanpa mengalami perubahan kimia
  • Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat – meninggikan kadar tindak balas antara zink dengan asid sulfurik cair/ serbuk besi dalam penghasilan ammonia/ contoh yang sesuai

(b) Berdasarkan teori perlanggaran zarah, terangkan bagaimana faktor-faktor berikut mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas kimia [8 markah]
(i) saiz bahan

  • Semakin kecil saiz bahan, semakin besar jumlah luas permukaan
  • Frekuensi perlanggaran antara zarah bertambah
  • Frekuensi perlanggaran berkesan bertambah
  • kadar tindak balas bertambah/meningkat

(ii) kepekatan

  • Larutan yang pekat mengandungi lebih banyak zarah dalam satu unit isipadu
  • Frekuensi perlanggaran antara zarah-zarah bahan tindak balas bertambah
  • Frekuensi perlanggaran berkesan bertambah
  • kadar tindak balas bertambah /meningkat

(c) Sebentuk cincin besi boleh diperbaiki rupanya dengan menyadurkannya dengan argentum melalui proses elektrolisis. Huraikan satu eksperimen bagaimana anda dapat membuktikan kebenaran pernyataan di atas. Dalam huraian anda, sertakan gambar rajah susunan radas dan persamaan yang terlibat. [ 10 markah ]

[Markah 1 dan 2 adalah untuk gambar rajah]

  • [Susunan radas: elektrod logam argentum. Cincin besi, (sel kering), ammeter, larutan berlorek]
  • [Label: anod, argentum; katod, cincin besi; elektrolit, argentum nitrat]

[Markah 3 hingga 6 ialah prosedur]

  • Isikan larutan argentum nitrat ke dalam sebuah bikar
  • Sambungkan elektrod argentum ke terminal positif sel kering dan cincin besi ke terminal negatif menggunakan wayar
  • Celupkan elektrod argentum dan cincin besi ke dalam larutan argentum nitrat
  • Lengkapkan litar

[Markah 7 hingga 10 ialah untuk pemerhatian dan persamaan]
7,8 [Pemerhatian]

  • Elektrod argentum melarut/menipis/terkakis
  • Enapan kelabu berkilat terbentuk di permukaan cincin besi

9,10[Persamaan]

  • Di anod : Ag → Ag+ + e-
  • Di katod: Ag+ + e- → Ag

2005 SBP's Trial Questions for Section D

Question 32

Read the poem below and answer the questions that follow.

There’s Been a Death in the Opposite House

There’s been a death in the opposite house
As lately as today.
I know it by the numb look
Such houses have always.

The neighbors rustle in and out,
The doctor drives away.
A window opens like a pod,
Abrupt, mechanically;

Somebody flings a mattress out, -
The children hurry by;
They wonder if It died on that, -
I used to when a boy.

The minister goes stiffly in
As if the house were his,
And he owned all the mourners now,
And little boys besides;

And then the milliner, and the man
Of the appalling trade,
To take the measure of the house.
There’ll be that dark parade

Of tassels and of coaches soon;
It’s easy as a sign, -
The intuition of the news
In just a country town

Emily Dickinson

(a) Why do the neighbors rustle in and out of the house? (1 mark)

(b) The word It in stanza 3 refers to (1 mark)

(c) Which line in the poem portrays the role of the minister? (1 mark)

(d) In your opinion, why does the poet relate the word dark to the parade? (2 marks)

Question 33
Read the extract from the short story Looking for a Rain God below and answer the questions that follow.

The adults paid no attention to this: they did not even hear the funny chatter; they sat waiting for the rain; their nerves were stretched to breaking-point willing the rain to fall out of the sky. Nothing was important, beyond that. All their animals had been sold during the bad years to purchase food, and of all their herd only two goats were left. It was the women of the family who finally broke down under the strain of waiting for rain. It was really the two women who caused the death of the little girls.

(a) Whose funny chatter was it? (1 mark)

(b) What did the family do in order to survive the drought? (1 mark)

(c) Who killed the little girls? (1 mark)

(d) Do you think it is right for the girls to be killed? Give a reason. (2 marks)

MARKING SCHEME

32a to pay their last respects to the family of the dead (1 mark)

32b the dead person / the deceased / the corpse / the dead body (1 mark)

32c And he owned all the mourners now (1 mark)

32d To merit 2 marks, students are required to include any TWO of the following elements :

= It was a funeral procession / someone had just died
= They looked so sad / they looked so gloomy / they were in tears
= They were wearing mourning/ black clothes

**Accept any other relevant answers (2 marks / 0)

33a the girls’ / the chatter of Neo & Boseyong (1 mark)

33b they sold their animals (1 mark)

33c Ramadi & Mokgobja (1 mark)

33d Yes, they are running out of options after waiting for seven years for rain to fall
No, it is against our religion to kill people / children are to be loved, not sacrificed to get rain (2 marks / 0)

**Accept any other relevant answer